Environmental Biotechnology: Principles and Applications by Rittman and McCarty - A Review
Environmental biotechnology is a field that applies the principles and techniques of microbiology, biochemistry, ecology, and engineering to solve environmental problems and promote sustainability. Environmental biotechnology can be used to treat wastewater, drinking water, solid waste, hazardous waste, and contaminated soil and air. It can also be used to produce renewable energy, bioplastics, biofertilizers, and other valuable products from waste materials.
One of the most comprehensive and authoritative books on environmental biotechnology is Environmental Biotechnology: Principles and Applications by Bruce E. Rittman and Perry L. McCarty. This book was first published in 2001 and has been updated in 2020 with new chapters and case studies. The book covers the fundamental concepts and applications of environmental biotechnology in a clear and systematic way. It explains the basics of microbiology, biochemistry, genetics, metabolism, ecology, stoichiometry, energetics, kinetics, reactor design, and modeling. It also discusses the major processes and technologies for treating various types of wastewater and drinking water, such as aerobic suspended-growth processes, aerobic biofilm processes, anaerobic processes, methanogenesis, nitrogen transformation and recovery, phosphorus removal and recovery, microbiological detoxification, microbial electrochemical cells, photosynthetic biofactories, lagoons and wetlands, and complex systems.
The book is suitable for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, practitioners, and policy makers who are interested in learning more about environmental biotechnology. It provides a solid foundation for understanding the principles and applications of environmental biotechnology. It also offers examples and exercises to help readers apply the concepts to real-world problems. The book is available in PDF format for free download from various online sources[^1^] [^2^].
If you are looking for a comprehensive and authoritative book on environmental biotechnology, you should definitely check out Environmental Biotechnology: Principles and Applications by Rittman and McCarty. It will give you a thorough overview of the field and help you learn how to use environmental biotechnology to solve environmental problems and promote sustainability.
Environmental biotechnology is not only useful for treating environmental problems, but also for preventing them and creating new opportunities for sustainable development. Environmental biotechnology can help reduce the dependence on fossil fuels and chemical fertilizers, and promote the use of renewable resources and biodegradable materials. Some examples of environmental biotechnology applications are:
Clothing. Biotechnology can replace polluting chemical processes and make textile waste recyclable and biodegradable. Enzymes are already used to wash and bleach clothing and to prevent wool from shrinking[^4^]. Biotechnology can also produce plant-based bioplastics that can be used to make fibers and fabrics[^1^].
Biofuels. Biotechnology can convert plants into biofuels that can be used as alternatives to gasoline and diesel. Biofuels can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and enhance energy security. Biotechnology can also improve the efficiency and yield of biofuel production by engineering plants or microbes that are optimized for processing environmental contaminants, or for treating toxic waste or sewage[^1^] [^3^].
Bioremediation. Biotechnology can use microorganisms to clean up contaminated sites and restore environmental quality. Bioremediation can be used to degrade or detoxify pollutants such as oil spills, pesticides, heavy metals, radioactive materials, and explosives. Biotechnology can also use geographic information systems (GIS) to map contaminated sites and the distribution of pollutants[^1^] [^2^].
Environmental biotechnology is a rapidly evolving field that offers many benefits for the environment and human well-being. However, environmental biotechnology also poses some challenges and risks, such as ethical issues, biosafety concerns, social impacts, and regulatory barriers. Therefore, environmental biotechnology requires careful assessment and management to ensure its safe and responsible use. aa16f39245